Pipelines vs trains and ships

1 Train has 100 cars, 2 engines and weighs 27,240,000 LBS.

1 Train carries 3,000,000 gallons of oil.

1 train uses 55.5 gallons of diesel per mile.

It takes 119,000 gallons of diesel to go 2150 miles from Hardisty, Alberta to Freeport, TX.

Keystone pipeline was to deliver 34,860,000 gallons of oil per day.

It would take 12 trains and 1,428,000 gallons of diesel to deliver that amount. PER DAY!

521,220,000 gallons of diesel per year.

The oil will still go to market with or without the pipeline.

By stopping the pipeline billions of gallons of diesel will be wasted and pollute needlessly. Does that make sense to you?

Stop the Oil Sands all together?

If so, then we must ship the oil from the overseas sandbox.

1 large oil tanker can haul 120,000,000 gallons of oil

1 boat takes 15 days to float across the Atlantic.

1 boat uses 63,000 gallons of fuel PER DAY!

And that is about 1 million gallons of the most polluting type fuel PER TRIP!

Or take 3.5 days of Keystone Pipeline to move the same amount of oil with a mere fraction of the pollution.

The fuel used in ships is waste oil, basically what is left over after the crude oil refining process. It is the same as asphalt and is so thick that when cold it can be walked upon. It's the cheapest and most polluting fuel available and the world's 90,000 ships chew through an astonishing 7.29 million barrels of it each day!

Shipping is by far the biggest transport polluter in the world.

There are 760 million cars in the world today emitting approx 78,599 tons of Sulphur Oxides (SOx) annually. The world's 90,000 ships burn approx 370 million tons of fuel per year emitting 20 million tons of Sulphur Oxides.

That equates to 260 times more Sulphur Oxides being emitted by ships than the world’s entire car fleet.

One large ship alone can generate approx 5,200 tonnes of sulphur oxide pollution in a year, meaning that 15 of the largest ships now emit as much sulphur oxide as the world’s 760 million cars.

Should we therefore eliminate all gas consuming cars and diesel vehicles?

Worldwide car gas consumption is 403,583,712,000 gallons a year. That's billion.

Worldwide oil consumption is 1,500,000,000,000 gallons a year. That's trillion.

It takes 2.15 gallons of oil to make 1 gallon of car gas and 6/10th gal of diesel.

So it takes about 867,704,980,800 gallons of oil to run the worlds vehicles which leaves us with 632,295,019,200 gallons of oil for other uses.

Passenger vehicles are only a very small percentage of the problem. If emissions are the problem why not just capture them at the exhaust? Create an industry to clean exhaust instead of crushing and entire industry and building a complete untested battery powered replacement industry?

Mining is proven to be way worse for the environment than oil extraction. So are we willing to dramatically increase mining in order to get all the minerals that are necessary to make all these batteries and electric motors.

Batteries themselves have environmental drawbacks, too. They contain toxic and flammable materials and also require lots of energy to manufacture, which means high greenhouse gas emissions. It is interesting to take into consideration also that internal combustion engines emit about 10.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide per car, compared to emissions for an electric car of about 13 tonnes including the electric car battery manufacturing.

John Snelgrove, Peachland

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