A team of UBC Okanagan researchers is looking at strategies that could help the homeless during the pandemic.
John Graham, director of UBC Okanagan’s School of Social Work, says while many populations have been targeted with guidelines to keep them safe, homeless people have been mostly overlooked.
While this research project began a few years ago, Graham says his team quickly turned their attention to the impact of COVID-19.
His team looked at peer-reviewed publications, dating back to 1984, that examined how homeless populations were impacted by other highly contagious or communicable illnesses such as tuberculous, H1NI and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
“Those experiencing homelessness do not fare well in terms of general health and this risk rises during public health outbreaks,” said Graham.
“Research findings have shown that homeless people under the age of 65 have a mortality rate five to 10 times higher compared to the general population.”
Postdoctoral researcher Jordan Babando says they identified six key themes that particularly affect the homeless: education and outreach, structure of services provided, screening and contact tracing, transmission and prevention strategies, shelter protocols and finally treatment, adherence and vaccination.
“Those experiencing homelessness often live in low-capacity shelters or transient locations that likely have no access to hygienic resources. This places them at increased risk of obtaining and spreading viruses in comparison to the general population,” said Babando.
Shelter overcrowding, poor ventilation and an accumulation of clients with predispositions to infection increase the risk factors for virus and also complicate detection and tracing procedure, he added.
UBCO says the goal of this research paper is to help public health agencies and homelessness sectors formulate a pandemic response to homeless populations.
“We need to move the needle as quickly as possible when it comes to our homeless situation,” Graham says. “COVID-19 is extraordinarily significant for all of us, but most especially our vulnerable people. We hope these findings will contribute further to the dialogue help to end homelessness.”
The full research paper can be viewed here.