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Behind-the-Wheel

Shedding more light on the ue of fog lamps

More light on fog lamps

A previous article on driving lights led to a number of requests to write a follow up article on fog lights.

The original question involved vehicles that were driving with four lights on all the time and two of them were not being dimmed for oncoming traffic. Many readers were aware that the extra two lights were fog lights and not driving lights.

What is a fog light?

Fog lamps are identified by the SAE F marking on the lens, or a B above the circle with the E in it on European lamps.

Fog light installation

B.C.'s Motor Vehicle Act Regulations (MVAR) allows two fog lamps that emit either white or amber light. They must be mounted on the front of the vehicle, below the headlamps, but not more than 30 cm below. When you switch them on, the parking lamps, tail lamps, licence plate lamp and, if required, clearance lamps must also illuminate.

However, the vehicle inspection manual used by designated inspection facilities to insure vehicle equipment complies with standards also mentions red rear fog lights. Two are allowed and must be mounted no further than 10 cm from the brake lights. The two sets of rules have been out of step for a long time.

When should you Use fog lights?

According to vehicle lighting expert Dan Stern, you should turn them off, leave them off and forget that they exist. Front fog lights are really only useful in a very narrow set of circumstances. Despite this, the regulations say front fog lamps may be used in place of headlamps if atmospheric conditions make the use of headlamps disadvantageous. Beyond that, front fog lamps may be used at any time of the day or night and in fact are used as the daytime running lamps on some vehicles.

The regulations don't say anything about the use of rear fog lights. Strern suggests a good metric to use in deciding when to switch your rear fog lights on or off is do you want the guy in front of you displaying a rear fog so you can see him better or do you wish the jerk in front of you would turn off that damn bright red light?

How to aim front fog Lights

As with driving lamps, fog lamps aim are measured at a distance of 7.62 m from the lamp. If the beam is symmetric, aim is measured at the centre of the top edge of the high intensity area. They must be 100 mm below horizontal with an upper error of no more than horizontal. Lateral aim is straight ahead, but must be no more than 150 mm either side of vertical.

If the beam is asymmetric, aim is measured at the left of the top edge. They must be 60 mm above vertical with an error of no more than 175 mm above to 50 mm below horizontal. They must also be aimed straight ahead but must be no more than 100 mm either side of vertical.



More Behind the Wheel articles

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About the Author

Tim Schewe is a retired constable with many years of traffic law enforcement experience. He has been writing his column for most of the 20 years of his service in the RCMP.

The column was 'The Beat Goes On' in Fort St. John, 'Traffic Tips' in the South Okanagan and now 'Behind the Wheel' on Vancouver Island and here on Castanet.net.

Schewe retired from the force in January of 2006, but the column has become a habit, and continues.

To comment, please email

To learn more, visit DriveSmartBC



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The views expressed are strictly those of the author and not necessarily those of Castanet. Castanet does not warrant the contents.

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