Pro-Russia insurgents in eastern Ukraine on Saturday released the seven OSCE military observers and five Ukrainian assistants who had been held for more than a week. The insurgent leader in Slovyansk was quoted as saying he ordered the release because of increasing insecurity in the city, where fighting broke out on Friday.
The observers, members of an Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe observer team, were seized on April 25 in Slovyansk, the epicenter of eastern Ukraine's unrest. The insurgents said the team possessed unspecified suspicious material and alleged they were spying for NATO.
A team member from Sweden was also seized but was released earlier. Unlike the other observers' countries, Sweden is not a member of NATO and the Swede reportedly suffers from a mild form of diabetes.
The insurgents' leader in Slovyansk, Vyacheslav Ponomarev, was quoted by the Interfax news agency as saying he ordered the release because of increasing insecurity in the city. But he later The Associated Press that "they are not being released — they are leaving us, as we promised them."
Two Ukrainian helicopters were reported shot down outside the city on Friday, killing two crew members. The Ukrainian Defence Ministry said two other soldiers were killed in a clash on the city's edge.
Ponomarev said 10 local people were killed in a confrontation with soldiers on Slovyansk's outskirts. On Saturday, an Associated Press reporter saw the body of a middle-aged man at the site of that clash, lying on ground strewn with bullet casings, but the claim of 10 dead could not be confirmed.
On Saturday, news reports claimed fighting broke out in the city of Kramatorsk, about 15 kilometres (10 miles) south of Slovyansk.
Despite the release, tensions in Ukraine heightened sharply after at least 42 people died in clashes between government supporters and opponents in the Black Sea port of Odesa on Friday. The clash began with street fighting between the two sides in which as least three people were reported killed by gunfire, then turned into a grisly conflagration when government opponents took refuge in a building that caught fire after protesters threw firebombs inside.
At least 36 people died in the fire, according to the emergencies ministry. An Interior Ministry statement gave the overall death toll for the day at 42, but did not give a breakdown.
The city's police chief, Petr Lutsyuk, on Saturday issued a statement calling for calm in the city of about 1 million, but hours later he was fired by Interior Minister Arsen Avakov.
Russian President Vladimir Putin's spokesman on Saturday decried the Odesa deaths as evidence that the interim government in Kyiv, which came to power following the toppling of the pro-Russia president after months of protests, encourages nationalist extremists.
"Their arms are up to their elbows in blood," Russian news agencies quoted Dmitry Peskov as saying.
Odesa, some 550 kilometres (330 miles) southwest of Slovyansk, had not previously seen significant confrontations in Ukraine's crisis, and the deaths there suggested that violent unrest could spread far from the relatively compact area in the east where it has been concentrated so far.
Odesa is the major city between the Crimean peninsula, which Russia annexed in March, and the Moldovan separatist region of Trans-Dniester where Russia has a military peacekeeping contingent. Some analysts speculate that Russia ultimately aims to take control of a huge swath of Ukraine from Transdniester to the east.
A three-day mourning period was declared in Odesa on Saturday; mourners came to the fire site to lay flowers. There were no signs of new unrest, but Valery Kaurov, a leader of the anti-government contingent in the city, told Russian state television that protests could resume once the mourning period ends.
There were also signs of a desire for revenge. A page appeared on Vkontakte, a Russian analogue of Facebook, showing photos and stating home addresses of people allegedly responsible for the fire deaths.
One of the released observers, German Col. Axel Schneider, told The Associated Press that all 12 of the detainees held up well.
"They had a very good attitude and that gave them the strength to stand the situation," he said. "According to the word of (Ponomarev), we have been treated as good as possible. This is a miserable situation, but we were under his protection."
Those held included three other Germans and one soldier each from Poland, Denmark and the Czech Republic.
Although Russia denies allegations that it is fomenting the unrest in eastern Ukraine, where insurgents have seized government buildings in about a dozen cities and towns, it sent Vladimir Lukin, Russia's former human rights ombudsman, to negotiate for the release of the observers as a representative of Putin. The initiative to send him came from Counil of Europe head Thorbjorn Jagland, according to his spokesman Daniel Hoeltgen.
Lukin was quoted by the Russian state news agency RIA Novosti as saying the release was "a voluntary humanitarian act."