Former U.S. secretary of state Hillary Clinton says Russian President Vladimir Putin is using his country's energy resources to intimidate his opponents.
Concerns over Ukraine's financial condition mounted this week after Russian state gas company Gazprom said it was cancelling a substantial discount on natural gas granted to the former satellite country in December. Putin, meanwhile, noted Ukraine still owes some $2 billion for gas.
Clinton told a business audience on Thursday that Putin's incursion in Ukraine follows a pattern of behaviour he established with the invasion of Georgia in 2008.
"Vladimir Putin cherishes a vision of a greater Russia. His goal is to re-Sovietize Russia," Clinton said to the 2,500 who came to hear her speak in Calgary.
"That means trouble. And that's why everyone is scrambling to prop up Ukraine ... and to try to prevent future escalation."
Russia's position on Ukraine's gas debts is a shift from last year, when Moscow tolerated letting the country pile up unpaid bills. The change in tone came following the ouster of Ukraine's pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych by protesters who want closer ties with the European Union.
"One of the principle tools of intimidation that Russia has used is their energy resources — both in the winter of 2006 and then on Jan. 1, 2009, when the giant Russian energy company Gazprom shut off all natural gas exports to Ukraine," Clinton said.
"That was a wake-up call and it sent a chill, not only across Ukraine, but indeed across Europe. There are cases when one nation tries to use its energy supply to dominate or intimidate another. Russia's behaviour toward Ukraine is an obvious example."