TORONTO - Armed with fast fibre-optic networks that can now reach millions of homes across the country, Canada's telephone companies have turned the tables on the cable companies.
They're reversing a trend that emerged about a decade ago when the big cable companies made a major push into residential phone service, taking a piece of what was once the telcos' sole domain.
Now the phone companies are fighting back as they replace more of their copper-wire infrastructure with high-speed fibre optics that deliver TV service comparable to what the cable guys can offer.
By the end of this year, the Convergence Consulting Group estimates Canada's traditional phone companies will have 19 per cent of the television subscriber base, up from 15 per cent at the end of last year, with Bell Canada being a major mover.
"Bell has just begun to stretch out," says Brahm Eiley, president of Convergence Consulting, a Toronto-based firm that collects extensive data on the North American cable and phone industries.
The phone companies in Western Canada generally have been quicker to roll out their TV services over their landline networks than their eastern counterparts, but Bell Canada â€” which originally got into TV through its satellite-to-home â€” has been making up for lost time since it began gradually rolling out its FibeTV service in Ontario and Quebec.
As of the end of last year, Bell had some 657,513 customers for its Fibe TV, which began to be offered on a limited basis in parts of Toronto and Montreal in 2010. Telus's Optik TV â€” also launched in 2010 â€” had 815,000 subscribers at the end 2013, up 20 per cent from a year earlier.
Eiley said the pace of growth in television at Telus, Western Canada's largest phone company, may now be slower than it was a year or two ago but "they're still doing very, very well."
He added that the first Canadian phone companies to offer landline TV service â€” Manitoba Telecom (TSX:MBT) and SaskTel â€” have a mature customer base that's growing more slowly but "they're still taking some subscribers."
By contrast, Toronto-based Rogers Communications (TSX:RCI.B) â€” which competes with Bell in Ontario and Bell Aliant (TSX:BA) in Atlantic Canada â€” had 2.1 million TV subscribers at the end of March, down 82,000 from a year earlier, even though the number of homes that could be served by Rogers Cable increased slightly to nearly four million.
Looking ahead to the quarterly reports this week from BCE Inc. (TSX:BCE) and Telus Corp. (TSX:T), several analysts have expressed caution about BCE's stock because of its run higher, but there's a general view that Rogers â€” which has the country's largest base of wireless and cable customers â€” is on the defensive.
Barclays analyst Phillip Huang says that Bell Aliant's price competition with Rogers _ which began in 2012 â€” appeared to intensify in the first three months of 2014, and noticably slowed growth in the phone company's average revenue per user.
Huang said there hasn't been this level of price cutting since Telus's Optik TV butted up against Shaw Cable (TSX:SJR.B) off and on from 2010 to 2012, but added there's no evidence that the Shaw-Aliant price war will spread.
"While BCE is expanding its Fibe TV footprint in Ontario and Quebec, the pricing competition is more rational," Huang wrote in an email exchange.
Other analysts have noted that Quebecor's Videotron (TSX:QBR.B) and privately held EastLink, which compete with Bell Aliant in Quebec and Nova Scotia respectively, have been more "rational" in their pricing than Rogers in New Brunswick.
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