Saturday, April 19th9.0°C
21427

Your guide to the 2013 Nobels in literature, chemistry, physics, medicine, peace and economics

STOCKHOLM - The winners of the 2013 Nobel Prizes will collect their $1.2 million awards Tuesday at ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo. Here's a look at the laureates and their achievements:

ECONOMICS

Three Americans were honoured for developing new methods to study trends in asset markets, showing that it is difficult to predict whether stock or bond prices will go up or down in the short term, but over periods of three years or more it is possible. The winners are Eugene Fama and Lars Peter Hansen of the University of Chicago and Robert Shiller of Yale University. Fama studied the short-term prices, Shiller looked at the predictability in the long run and Hansen developed a statistical method to test theories of asset pricing.

NOBEL PEACE PRIZE

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the investigation and enforcement arm for a 1997 treaty banning the use of chemical weapons. Based in The Hague, Netherlands, the global chemical weapons watchdog deploys teams worldwide to identify whether all 190 nations that have signed the treaty are disclosing all chemical weapons stocks and, if possessing them, destroying both the weapons and their manufacturing sites. An OPCW mission is currently overseeing the destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles and facilities in Syria.

NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE

Canadian author Alice Munro, hailed by the award-giving Swedish Academy as a "master of the contemporary short story." Known as "Canada's Chekhov" for her astute, unflinching and compassionate depiction of seemingly unremarkable lives. She produced several story collections chronicling the lives of girls and women before and after the 1960s social revolution, including "The Moons of Jupiter," ''The Progress of Love" and "Runaway." Munro, 82, was too frail to travel to Stockholm, so her daughter, Jenny Munro, is representing her at the ceremony.

NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY

Three U.S.-based scientists for developing computer models that can predict chemical reactions for use in creating new drugs and other tasks. Their approach combined classical physics and quantum physics. The winners are Martin Karplus of the University of Strasbourg, France, and Harvard University; Michael Levitt of the Stanford University School of Medicine, and Arieh Warshel of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS

Peter Higgs of Britain and Francois Englert of Belgium for their 1964 theory, advanced independently of each other, about how subatomic particles get their mass. Their theory made headlines last year when the CERN laboratory in Geneva confirmed it by discovering the so-called Higgs particle.

NOBEL PRIZE IN MEDICINE

Three U.S.-based researchers for their breakthroughs in understanding how key substances move within a cell. They developed better understanding of vesicles, tiny bubbles that deliver their cargo within a cell to the right place at the right time. Disturbances in that delivery system can lead to neurological diseases, diabetes or immunological disorders. The prize was shared by Americans James E. Rothman of Yale University and Randy W. Schekman of the University of California at Berkeley; and German-American Dr. Thomas C. Sudhof of the Stanford University School of Medicine.

The Canadian Press


Read more Business News

20970


Recent Trending




Today's Market
S&P TSX14500.39+53.87
S&P CDNX998.770.80
DJIA16408.54-16.31
Nasdaq4095.516+9.291
S&P 5001864.85+2.54
CDN Dollar0.90720.00
Gold1293.80-9.2999
Oil104.59+0.83
Lumber326.10-2.70
Natural Gas4.735+0.205

 
Okanagan Companies
Pacific Safety0.115+0.01
Knighthawk0.01-0.005
QHR Technologies Inc1.29+0.07
Cantex0.055+0.01
Anavex Life Sciences0.3750.00
Metalex Ventures0.08+0.005
Russel Metals30.66+0.11
Copper Mountain Mining2.35-0.07
Colorado Resources0.255-0.01
ReliaBrand Inc0.12-0.01
Sunrise Resources Ltd0.025-0.005
Mission Ready Services0.25+0.02

 



21118

FEATURED Property
1336444302-2300 Benvoulin Road
3 bedrooms 3 baths
$297,500
more details
image2image2image2
Click here to feature your property
Please wait... loading


Learning to flirt with the edge

With all of the adventure activities I have done and still do, I wonder sometimes if the edge still exists. The systematic approach to learning a new adventure or extreme activity combined with the r...


Time spent prospecting

How much time should you put into prospecting? The question is a bit of a puzzle. Ideally, there would be a reference book that lists, by industry, how much time you should invest in prospecting acti...


Valuation fears grip markets

The Big Picture Valuation fears grip markets Growing concerns about the level of stock market valuations sparked a risk-off trade in global markets this week. Investors are worried that many companies...

_



21368

21604


Member of BC Press Council


21202