A British court has found a circus owner guilty of causing unnecessary suffering to a performing elephant.
A judge at Northampton Crown Court convicted Bobby Roberts after the court was shown secretly-filmed footage of a groom hitting 58-year-old elephant Anne with a pitchfork.
The video, which was recorded by the group Animal Defenders International in 2011, showed the groom kicking and hitting the Asian elephant, which was seen chained by a foot and a hind leg in a barn.
The 69-year-old Roberts told the court during a five-day trial that he would never have condoned the behaviour of the groom, who is believed to have returned to his home in Romania.
He was given a three-year conditional discharge Friday.