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Canada  

Canada's oldest book

The University of Toronto says it now owns the oldest English-language book in Canada, a 15th century text that introduced ancient ideas to new audiences.

The book is an English translation of essays by Roman politician Marcus Tullius Cicero — "De amicitia" (Of Friendship) and "De senectute" (Of Old Age) — published in 1481 by William Caxton, the first person to print English language books.

The printed text, which is now part of the collection at the university's Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, carries the first translation of classical texts to English, said PJ Carefoote, the university's interim head of rare books and special collections.

The book, which discusses the ideas of old age and friendship and links the two concepts, came just a few years after the first book printed in English — "The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye" — which Carefoote said was printed by Caxton in either 1473 or 1474.

Printed English books from that period are particularly hard to come by because of their significance to the history of the language, Carefoote said.

Caxton's books, which translated established languages like Greek and Latin and were mass produced, helped standardize English at a time when it was a new language with varying dialects, Carefoote explained.

The book also marks the Fisher library's 15 millionth book, which Carefoote said was just a happy coincidence.



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